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Passive, active, and interactive drag-reduction technique to reduce friction and enhance the mixing intensity in rotating disk apparatus

Abdulbari, Hayder A. and Mohamad Amran, Mohd Salleh and Musaab K, Rashed and M Halim, Shah Ismail (2018) Passive, active, and interactive drag-reduction technique to reduce friction and enhance the mixing intensity in rotating disk apparatus. Chemical Engineering Communications, 205 (12). pp. 1623-1640. ISSN 1563-5201

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Abstract

Rotating disks are applied in many industrial heat and mass transfer systems because of their high mixing performance. The presence of non-Newtonian viscous liquids in these systems limits the mixing performance, thereby affecting the required heat and mass transfer. In this study, passive, active, and interactive drag-reduction techniques are proposed to enhance the mixing and drag-reduction performance of rotating disks and are experimentally tested. An SV-grooved surface (triangular shaped) is engraved on a disk attached to a rotating disk apparatus to test the liquid resistance based on torque readings and the velocity profile using a miniature laser Doppler velocimeter (Mini-LDV, MicroPro). The polymer polyisobutylene and the surfactant sodium lauryl ether sulfate are chosen as the passive–active integrated drag-reduction components in an experiment using different additive concentrations and polymer–surfactant complexes in the same tests. The experimental results show that the selected passive design of the riblets can enhance flow by 8% and that this percentage increases when polymeric additives and polymer-surfactant complexes are introduced. The velocity profile results show that high-velocity zones are created above the rotating surface and that these zones contribute significantly to enhancing the mixing intensity in the drag-reduction system.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Drag reduction; mini-ldv polymers; riblets; rotating disk apparatus; surfactants
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Centre of Excellence: Centre of Excellence for Advanced Research in Fluid Flow
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Hayder A. Abdul Bari
Date Deposited: 24 Dec 2018 04:02
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2019 08:35
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/23353
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