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Synthesis of non-edible biodiesel from crude jatropha oil and used cooking oil

Syazwana, Sapee and Ahmad Fitri, Yusop and Mohammad Nazri, Mohd Jaafar and R., Mamat and Wan Asma, Ibrahim and Hazir, Farouk and Norwazan, Abdul Rahim and lyia Syafira, Ab Razak and Muhammad Syahiran, Abdul Malik and Zhang, B. (2018) Synthesis of non-edible biodiesel from crude jatropha oil and used cooking oil. In: MATEC Web of Conferences: UTP-UMP-VIT Symposium on Energy Systems 2018 (SES 2018), 18-19 September 2018 , Universiti Malaysia Pahang. pp. 1-6., 225 (06008). ISSN 2261-236X

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Abstract

This study focuses on a feasibility study of alternative nonedible crude oil such as jatropha and used cooking oil in biodiesel production. Crude jatropha oil (CJO) and used cooking oil (UCO) were converted to biodiesel using a two-step transesterification process with presents of acid-based and alkaline-based catalysts. Each three biodiesel blends (B5, B15 and B25) have been produced by blended with conventional diesel fuel (CDF). Determination of the fuel properties for each blend including CDF, Jatropha Methyl Ester (JME) and Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester (UCOME) have been carried out. The average yield for jatropha and used cooking oil biodiesels production was 94.3% and 92% respectively. The increment of the percentage of JME or UCOME in its blends is proportional to fuels physical properties such as density, specific gravity, kinematic viscosity and surface tension, however inversely proportional to fuels calorific value. Based on the results of this study, it is acceptable to conclude that non-edible CJO and UCO are viable alternatives to edible oil as feedstock to renewable fuel in order to reduce the greenhouse gases produced.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: nonedible crude oil; jatropha; used cooking oil
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 28 Dec 2018 03:26
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2018 03:26
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/23498
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