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Synthesis of Sorbitol Fatty Acid Ester through Esterification of Sorbitol and Azelaic Acid Catalysed by Germanium (IV) Oxide

A., Azizan and Chin, S. Y. (2018) Synthesis of Sorbitol Fatty Acid Ester through Esterification of Sorbitol and Azelaic Acid Catalysed by Germanium (IV) Oxide. In: 4th International Conference Of Chemical Engineering And Industrial Biotechnology (ICCEIB 2018), 1-2 August 2018 , Seri Pacific Hotel, Kuala Lumpur. pp. 47-48..

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Abstract

Conventionally, polyurethane (PU) is produced using polyol polyester derived from non-renewable petroleum feedstock. In addition to the restricted resources of petroleum feedstock, inefficient disposal of the non-biodegradable petroleum-based PU waste through landfill and incineration has caused environmental problem. [1]. As an alternative for the current resource, bio-based polyol polyester such as sorbitol fatty acid ester is introduced. Commonly, homogeneous acid catalyst such as sulfuric acid is used in esterification process for the synthesis of polyol polyester [2, 3]. In this study, sorbitol (SL) and azelaic acid (AA) derived from renewable resources were used in the esterification reaction to produce bio-based polyol polyester. Germanium (IV) oxide, a heterogeneous acid catalyst was chosen to eliminate the use of homogeneous acid catalyst that renders corrosiveness, difficulty in the downstream separation and catalyst reuse [4, 5]. The effects of important operating parameters include reaction temperature (160˚C to 220˚C), molar ratio of SL/AA (1:1 to 4:1) and catalyst loading (1 to 4 vol%) were investigated. The reaction was carried out in a batch reactor and the products were analyzed for its acid value through titration and concentration sorbitol and its anhydrides through gas chromatography (GC).

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Polyurethane; Polyol polyester; Biodegradable; Sorbitol fatty acid ester; Heterogeneous acid catalyst
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Centre of Excellence: Centre of Excellence for Advanced Research in Fluid Flow
Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2019 02:04
Last Modified: 02 Jan 2019 02:04
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/23560
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