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Preparation and characterisation of adsorbent from landfill sludge

Rozaimi, Abu Samah and N. A. A., Azman and S. H. A., Ahmad (2018) Preparation and characterisation of adsorbent from landfill sludge. In: 4th International Conference Of Chemical Engineering And Industrial Biotechnology (ICCEIB 2018), 1-2 Aug 2018 , Seri Pacific Hotel, Kuala Lumpur. pp. 446-447..

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Abstract

One of the materials that can be used to produce activated carbon is sludge from municipal solid waste (MSW) in landfills. Large amount of sludge is usually generated as waste from leachate treatment process, creating sludge disposal problem. At the same time, the presence of heavy metals in the water as a result of industrial activities is a matter of concern. For these reasons, the aims of this research are to produce adsorbent from leachate treatment process sludge for copper removal and to characterise the synthesised adsorbent. The sludge was treated by physical and chemical methods and carbonised at 400, 600, and 800 °C to produce activated carbons P400, P600, P800 and C800, respectively. The adsorbents were tested onto copper solution for their capability to adsorbed copper ion. The prepared sludge adsorbent were characterised by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDX), N2 adsorption-desorption analysis, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). As a result, the highest percentage removal of copper ion was 73.04%. Thus, it was proved that sludge from MSW is a good adsorbent to remove heavy metal.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Activated carbon; leachate; sludge; heavy metal; adsorbent
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2019 04:05
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2019 04:05
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/23662
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