UMP Institutional Repository

Zirconium-Loaded Mesostructured Silica Nanoparticles Adsorbent for removal of Hexavalent Chromium from Aqueous solution

S., Triwahyono and Jalil, A. A. and Salamun, N. and Majid, Z. A. and Mamat, C. R. and Basar, N. and Setiabudi, H. D. and Prasetyoko, D. and Hartanto, D. and Mukti, R. R. (2018) Zirconium-Loaded Mesostructured Silica Nanoparticles Adsorbent for removal of Hexavalent Chromium from Aqueous solution. In: 4th International Conference Of Chemical Engineering And Industrial Biotechnology (ICCEIB 2018), 1-2 Aug 2018 , Seri Pacific Hotel, Kuala Lumpur. pp. 496-498..

[img]
Preview
Pdf
Zirconium-Loaded Mesostructured Silica Nanoparticles Adsorbent for removal of Hexavalent Chromium from Aqueous solution.pdf

Download (601kB) | Preview

Abstract

Chromium is one of the heavy metals present in effluents produced from the aerospace, electroplating, leather, mining, dyeing, fertilizer, and photography industries [1]. In the aqueous phase, chromium mostly exists in two oxidation states, namely, trivalent chromium (Cr3+, Cr(OH)2+, or Cr(OH)2+, etc.) and hexavalent chromium (HCrO4-, CrO42-, or Cr2O72-, etc.). Most of the hexavalent compounds are considered to be more hazardous due to their carcinogenic properties, which can cause severe health problems in humans. Therefore, it is essential to reduce the Cr(VI) content of wastewater to below the tolerance limit before it is discharged into the environment [2]. Several research groups have developed technologies to reduce the Cr(VI) content from aqueous media, such as adsorption, electrochemical precipitation, ion exchange, and reverse osmosis techniques [2-5]. Among these technologies, adsorption has been regarded as an easy and efficient method to remove Cr(VI), owing to its relatively low cost and simplicity of design and operation. The conventional adsorbents for adsorption of organic and inorganic metal compounds have been studied widely, and include activated carbon, zeolite, natural clay, and biomaterials [6-9]. However, the inherent drawbacks associated with most of these adsorbents leads to relatively low adsorption capacity and selectivity, mechanical and thermal instability, or the need for a longer equilibrium time, even though the adsorbents may be cheap, to some extent, in practice. Therefore, the development of an adsorbent with a good Cr(VI) removal ability would be desirable.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mesostructured Silica Nanoparticles; Zirconium; Chromium; Pseudo-second-order Kinetic model; Endothermic
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2019 07:53
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2019 07:53
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/23681
Download Statistic: View Download Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item