Transformation of biomass into carbon nanofiber for supercapacitor application – a review

Vo, Dai-Viet N. and Elfina, Azwar and Wan Adibah, Wan Mahari and Joon, Huang Chuah and Nyuk, Ling Ma and Wei, Haur Lam and Su, Shiung Lam (2018) Transformation of biomass into carbon nanofiber for supercapacitor application – a review. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 43 (45). pp. 20811-20821. ISSN 0360-3199. (Published)

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This paper starts with a review on challenges and need of improved supercapacitor application, which is then followed by advantages of biomass compared with other materials for use in supercapacitor application. The conversion of biomass into carbon nanofiber using different techniques was extensively reviewed for its advantages and limitations. It was revealed that the materials currently used are yet to be fully sustainable or feasible for energy storage application. In contrast, biomass represents a widely available and sustainable material to be converted into carbon nanofiber for energy storage application. Different techniques were employed for carbon nanofiber production to achieve different objectives, comprising high product yield, feasible diameter adjustment, low electric consumption, and shorter production time. Nevertheless, it was revealed that many key properties of the biomass-derived carbon nanofiber have yet to be fully investigated, as there are still knowledge gaps to be filled for each technique. Thus, more studies are needed to broaden the existing understanding in the key parameters of different techniques in order to develop a highly desirable carbon nanofiber from biomass for sustainable energy storage application.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by SCOPUS
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomass; Carbon; Nanofiber; Supercapacitor; Energy storage
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Vo Nguyen Dai Viet
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2019 01:37
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2019 01:37
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