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Study the optimum parameter in chloride removal from rare earth wastewater industrial using bioremediation hybrid with electrocoagulation system

Abdul Aziz, Mohd Azoddein and M. C., Mamat and F. A. M., Azli and N. A. A., Azman (2018) Study the optimum parameter in chloride removal from rare earth wastewater industrial using bioremediation hybrid with electrocoagulation system. In: 4th Advanced Materials Conference 2018 (AMC2018), 27 - 28 November 2018 , Hilton Kuching Hotel, Kuching, Sarawak, MALAYSIA. p. 1.. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Chloride (Cl-) is a major anion found in all natural waters. It occurs naturally and is also a relatively minor contaminant. Currently, a larger amount chloride (Cl) in wastewater was generated from rare earth industrial. Chloride is non-toxic to humans, however, it can bring harmful to some plants and aquatic. There is needed for treatment to remove chloride from wastewater before discharged to river or water bodies. Furthermore, chloride is also a very corrosive agent, and elevated levels pose a threat to infrastructure, such as road beds, bridges, and industrial pipes. The effect caused by these hazardous pollutants and growing concerns to environmental issues led to remove chloride concentration from rare earth wastewater by using bioremediation hybrid with electrocoagulation system. The application of yeast in the wastewater treatment has potential in the treatment and reuse of wastes containing solids and high concentrations of salt, fat and antibiotics. However, Electrocoagulation is a novel method in wastewater treatment especially in chloride removal and this emerging technology combines the functions and advantage of conventional methods such as coagulation, flotation, and electrochemistry in water and wastewater treatment. The treated rare earth wastewater was tested for its chloride (Cl-) concentration to determine the percentage of reduction by measured using spectrophotometer. Results shows S. cerivisiae cells grew and adapted well under condition 10 g/L NaCl in suitable nutrient medium. Yeast was able to growth in standard (10 hr), synthetic chloride (6 hr) and actual wastewater (6 hr) with OD increased from 0.8 to 2.4, 0.8 to 1.2 and 0.4 to 0.6 respectively. Besides that, the optimum yeast able to growth in standard pH 6 at first 9 hours with OD increased from 1.1 to 2.1. Thus, the samples directly treat by using electrocoagulation system. The result shows ferum plate able to remove chloride concentration which is 75.0 % removal at 5 minute and 2 Ampere. The information obtained from this study is useful for scale up purpose in the rare earth industry that choose bioremediation hybrid with electrocoagulation system method to remove chloride concentration from rare earth wastewater.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chloride; Rare earth wastewater; S. cerivisiae cell; Bioremediation; Electrocoagulation
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Pn. Hazlinda Abd Rahman
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2019 03:08
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2019 03:08
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/24060
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