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Immobilization of cyclodextrin glucanotransferase on hollow fiber membrane: Optimization of the immobilization parameters by response surface methodology

Rohaida, Che Man and Natassha, Jamil and S., Suhaimi and Shalyda, Md Shaarani and Zatul Iffah, Mohd Arshad and Siti Kholijah, Abdul Mudalip and Siti Zubaidah, Sulaiman (2019) Immobilization of cyclodextrin glucanotransferase on hollow fiber membrane: Optimization of the immobilization parameters by response surface methodology. In: International Conference On Sustainable Energy And Green Technology 2018, 11-14 Disember 2018 , Double Tree By Hilton Hotel Kuala Lumpur. pp. 1-8., 268 (1). ISSN 1755-1307

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42.1 Immobilization of cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase) on hollow fiber membrane.pdf

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Abstract

Cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase) is a multifunctional industrial enzyme which undergoes cyclization reaction to converts starch into cyclodextrin (CD). Due to their potential properties, CD has been discovered to have numerous application in food industries, pharmaceuticals, agriculture and environmental engineering. However, the instability of the enzyme during the reaction process result in the low production of CD. Thus, enzyme immobilization process has been used to improve the enzyme stability in order to achieve high production of CD. In this study, CGTase from Bacillus licheniformis was immobilized on polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) hollow fiber membrane via physical adsorption. The optimization of the immobilization parameters and the performance of the immobilized CGTase were investigated. The adsorption of CGTase on hollow fiber membrane was evaluated by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Response surface methodology (RSM) was employed to optimize enzyme immobilization by manipulating the immobilization parameters of contact time (15-33 h), immobilization pH (pH 6-8) and immobilization temperature (20-30 °C) on the immobilization yield. The optimized immobilization conditions were 24 °C of immobilization temperature, pH 6.7 and 24 h of contact time, with 88.25% of immobilization yield. Immobilization of CGTase on the hollow fiber membrane was successfully optimized and about 4.6-fold increment of immobilization yield was achieved after the optimization process. Reusability of the immobilized CGTase revealed that the immobilized enzyme could retain 37.7% of its initial activity after the 10th cycles. The cumulative production of CD by the immobilized CGTase after 10 cycles was 26.43 mg/ml. The kinetic parameters of the immobilized CGTase were 9.42 mgml-1 h-1 and 9.99 mg ml-1 for Vmax and Km value, respectively. The kinetic studies revealed that the catalytic efficiency of the immobilized CGTase was similar to the free CGTase, demonstrated that upon the immobilization process, adsorption of CGTase on hollow fiber membrane does not cause structural changes to the enzyme. Hence, immobilization of CGTase on the hollow fiber membrane substantially improved the production of CD and suggesting that the hollow fiber membrane appeared as a suitable support for the enzyme immobilization system.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Additional Information: Indexed by SCOPUS
Uncontrolled Keywords: Environmental technology; Immobilization process; Response surface methodology; Fibers
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Pn. Hazlinda Abd Rahman
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2019 04:02
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2019 04:02
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/24268
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