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Reducing crystallinity on thin film based CMC/PVA hybrid polymer for application as a host in polymer electrolytes

Saadiah, M. A. and Zhang, D. and Nagao, Y. and Saifful Kamaluddin, Muzakir and A. S., Samsudin (2019) Reducing crystallinity on thin film based CMC/PVA hybrid polymer for application as a host in polymer electrolytes. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 511. pp. 201-211. ISSN 0022-3093

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Abstract

The carboxymethyl cellulose and polyvinyl alcohol (CMC/PVA) based hybrid polymer (HPe) system with different ratio of composition have been prepared via solution casting. The features of interaction between CMC and PVA were investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), and infrared (IR) spectroscopy to disclose the reduction of crystallinity of the HPe system. Morphological properties observed by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) confirmed the homogeneity of the HPe system. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) result explains the miscibility of the HPe system which was confirmed by means of variations in the glass transition temperature (Tg). Two degradation mechanisms were revealed by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) in the HPe system attributed to the decarboxylation in CMC and degradation of bond scission in PVA backbone. The blend of 80:20 compositions of CMC/PVA HPe system was found to be the optimum ratio with an increase in conductivity of CMC/PVA by one magnitude order from 10−7 to 10−6 S/cm with the lowest in crystallinity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carboxymethyl cellulose/polyvinyl alcohol; Hybrid polymer blend; Structural properties; Conductivity
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2019 05:04
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2019 05:04
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/24381
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