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Application of response surface methodology in optimization of automotive air-conditioning performance operating with SiO2/PAG nanolubricant

Redhwan, A. A. M. and Azmi, W. H. and Najafi, G. and M. Z., Sharif and N. N. M., Zawawi (2019) Application of response surface methodology in optimization of automotive air-conditioning performance operating with SiO2/PAG nanolubricant. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 135 (2). pp. 1269-1283. ISSN 1388-6150 (print); 1588-2926 (online)

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Abstract

The effect of compressor speed, initial refrigerant charge and volume concentrations of SiO2/PAG nanolubricant on the performance of automotive air-conditioning (AAC) system are investigated in this study. Response surface method (RSM) was used in designing the experimental work and is based on face composite design. The developed quadratic models from RSM were helpful to envisage the response parameters namely heat absorbs, compressor works, and coefficient of performance (COP) to identify the significant relations between the input factors and the responses. The results depicted that adding SiO2 nanoparticle into PAG lubricant will enhance the COP of AAC. Optimization of independent variables was performed using the desirability approach of the RSM with the goal of maximizing the heat absorb and COP, consequently, minimizing the compressor work. The results revealed that the optimal condition with a high desirability of 73.4% for the compressor speed of 900 rpm, refrigerant charge of 95 g and volume concentration of 0.07%. At this condition, the AAC system operated with 193.99, 23.28 kJ kg−1 and 8.27, respectively, for heat absorb, compressor work and COP. DoE based on RSM was capable of optimizing the significant parameters which affect AAC performance.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by SCOPUS
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanolubricant; Heat absorb; Compressor work; COP; Response surface method
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Centre of Excellence: Automotive Engineering Centre
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2019 04:05
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2019 04:05
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/24422
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