UMP Institutional Repository

Improvement of fuel properties for palm oil methyl ester (POME) biodiesel blends using organic germanium as additives

M. F., Othman and Abdul Adam, Abdullah and K., Kamal and Syuhaida, Asri and Zulkifli, Azmi and R., Mamat (2019) Improvement of fuel properties for palm oil methyl ester (POME) biodiesel blends using organic germanium as additives. In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 1st International Postgraduate Conference on Mechanical Engineering (IPCME2018), 31 October 2018 , UMP Library, Pekan. pp. 1-8., 469 (012121). ISSN 1757-8981 (Print), 1757-899X (Online)

[img]
Preview
Pdf
Improvement of fuel properties for palm oil methyl ester (POME).pdf
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Biodiesel is a clean-burning alternative fuel but it is susceptible to lower calorific value due to autoxidation in the presence of oxygen, which hinders its widespread use. Organic germanium Ge-132 is a prospective solution to this problem. It is expected that Ge-132 may affect the energy content of blending biodiesel. This paper presents an experimental investigation of the effect of Ge-132 addition to palm biodiesel on physicochemical properties. Three concentrations including 5ppm, 8ppm and 10ppm added to BD20 to study their fuel physical characteristics effect. The fuel and additive was blend by using ultrasonic emulsifier for 2 minutes before experiment. The results show that BD20 with additive Ge-132 produced 0.48%– 1.07% higher density and 0.7%–1.7% higher kinematic viscosity and 0.09%-0.6% higher calorific value compared to BD20 without the additive. The higher calorific value blending biodiesel attribute by the carbon content on Ge-132. Compared to BD20, the blended biodiesel with additive Ge-132 produce higher density, kinematic viscosity and calorific value which attribute the increase the performance and better fuel consumption.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alternative fuels; Biodiesel; Blending; Calorific value; Emulsification
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2019 03:33
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2019 03:33
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/24486
Download Statistic: View Download Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item