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Investigation on stability of tri-hybrid nanofluids in waterethylene glycol mixture

A. I., Ramadhan and Azmi, W. H. and R., Mamat and K. A., Hamid and Norsakinah, S. (2019) Investigation on stability of tri-hybrid nanofluids in waterethylene glycol mixture. In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 1st International Postgraduate Conference on Mechanical Engineering (IPCME2018), 31 October 2018 , UMP Library, Pekan. pp. 1-9., 469 (012068). ISSN 1757-899X

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Abstract

Nanofluid is a suspension of liquid containing metal or non-metallic nanoparticles of typical size (1-100 nm) dispersed into the base liquid. Hybrid or composite nanofluids is considered an extension of research work for single nanofluids, which can be carried out through a combination of two or more different nanoparticles - either in mixed or dispersed composites in liquids. The objective of this study is to investigate the stability of tri-hybrid nanofluids suspended in Water-Ethylene Glycol (EG) mixture. The tri-hybrid nanofluids were prepared at a volume concentration of 0.05 to 0.3% using the two-step method. Three types of nanoparticles used namely Al2O3, TiO2 and SiO2, and dispersed in a base fluid of water/EG. The investigation on the stability of the hybrid nanofluids in the present study is conducted through UV-Vis, zeta-potential, sedimentation and micrograph observation. The findings from the investigations on the visual stability of sedimentation show that the differences in concentration (0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3%) have been low in day 14. It was found that 10 h sonication time is the most suitable period for sonication to obtain a stable suspension. Comparison of data concentration ratio to sedimentation for single, hybrid and tri-hybrid nanofluids presents tri-hybrid nanofluids remains stable with a concentration ratio of 80%. Zeta potential evaluation conducted for the tri-hybrid nanofluids obtained the value of 25.1 mV in the classification of good stability. It can be concluded that the tri-hybrid nanofluids were successfully prepared and achieved good stability.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alumina; Aluminum oxide; Engineering research; Ethylene; Ethylene glycol
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2019 04:25
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2019 04:25
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/24592
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