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Effect of loading temperature on thermophysical properties of paraffin wax as PCM for thermal energy storage

Tai, K. Siang and Anusuiah, Vasu and Hagos, F. Y. and M. M., Noor and R., Mamat and K., Kadirgama and Azmi, W. H. and Samykano, Mahendran and Sharma, Ravi Kumar (2018) Effect of loading temperature on thermophysical properties of paraffin wax as PCM for thermal energy storage. In: Proceedings of International Conference on Advances in Mechanical Engineering and Nanotechnology (ICAMEN 2019), 8-9 March 2019 , Manipal University Jaipur. p. 55..

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Phase change materials (PCMs) have been widely used in Thermal Energy Storage (TES) system as a storage medium. The thermal and physical properties of PCMs can be affected by heat loading temperature. In this study, four samples were exposed to four different heating temperatures at 65°C, 75°C, 85°C, and 100°C for ten number of thermal cycles. Heating is done by using an oven at the same time the samples are allowed to cool freely at room temperature. Melting temperature, latent heat capacity, void ratio, thermal stability, thermal conductivity and density were measured using Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Scanning electron microscope (SEM), Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), KD2 Pro and water displacement method, respectively. Results obtained from the DSC test has shown that the sample with 100°C loading temperature has the lowest phase change enthalpy among the other samples. The effect of high-temperature loading reduces the overall latent heat capacity of PCM more than 50% compared to that of 65°C sample. This reduction significantly affects the overall performance of the thermal energy storage system. The sample of 100°C loading temperature showed the highest thermal conductivity among the other samples which is 0.26667 W/mK. This result reveals that the increase in temperature of heat loading will increase the thermal conductivity of PCMs. Closer the temperature of heat loading towards the transition temperature, higher the thermal stability. Thus, the sample of 65oC loading temperature has higher stability compared to the sample of 100oC loading temperature. Density and void ratio shows the same trend as the heat loading temperature increases. However, based on the results from SEM, the void ratio does not show any significant effect on thermal and physical properties. The sample of 100oC heat loading temperature has high thermal conductivity but has a high melting temperature, low density, low latent heat capacity and low stability. Paraffin wax of 65oC heat loading temperature has all the superior characteristics as a thermal energy storage material.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Energy Storage; Phase change material; paraffin wax; loading temperature; thermophysical property
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TS Manufactures
Faculty/Division: Centre of Excellence: Automotive Engineering Centre
Centre of Excellence: Centre of Excellence for Advanced Research in Fluid Flow
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Pn. Hazlinda Abd Rahman
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2019 04:53
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2019 05:10
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