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Evaluation of low cost-activated carbon produced from waste tyres pyrolysis for removal of 2-chlorophenol

Manirajah, K. and Sukumaran, S. V. and Abdullah, N. and Razak, H. A. and Nurul Aini, Razali (2019) Evaluation of low cost-activated carbon produced from waste tyres pyrolysis for removal of 2-chlorophenol. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 14 (2). pp. 443-449. ISSN 1978-2993

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Abstract

A low cost Activated Carbon (AC) was prepared by using waste tyres as raw material for the removal of 2-chlorophenol (2-CP). The AC adsorbent was prepared and activated by pyrolysis process at 900 ºC under constant nitrogen flow. The physical properties of the AC produced was characterized using X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), and Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR). The influence of initial adsorbate concentration, pH and adsorbent dosage on the removal of 2-CP in the batch-operational mode at ambient temperature were also investigated. The results obtained showed the AC presence of an amorphous carbon with high BET surface area and a total pore volume of 208 m2.g-1 and 0.5817 cm3, respectively. The highest adsorption capacity of 2-CP by the AC absorbent was achieved at an initial concentration of 10 mg.L-1, pH 5, and adsorbent dosage of 0.5 g in the first 10 min of contact time. This finding proves that the low cost-AC produced from waste tyres can be utilized for an effective removal of chemical plant wastewater containing toxic chlorine substances.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Kanchana Manirajah, Sheela V. Sukumaran, NorNasuha Abdullah, Hazirah A. Razak Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Waste tyre; Activated Carbon; Adsorption; 2-Chlorophenol; Pyrolysis
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs Norsaini Abdul Samat
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2019 04:49
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2019 04:49
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/25056
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