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Fabrication of Bone Scaffolds from Cockle Shell Waste

Siti Hajar, Saharudin and Jun Haslinda, Shariffuddin and Noor Ida Amalina, Ahamad Nordin (2019) Fabrication of Bone Scaffolds from Cockle Shell Waste. Chemical Engineering and Technology. pp. 1-13. ISSN 1521-4125 (In Press)

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Abstract

Bone scaffold is a three‐dimensional structure composed of materials that could enhance bone regeneration. Bone scaffolds were prepared using freeze‐drying by varying the cockle shell powder concentration where sodium alginate acted as matrix. The scaffolds were then characterized by X‐ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy‐dispersive X‐ray spectroscopy, texture analyzer, and liquid displacement method. The bioactivity of the scaffolds was evaluated by immersion into a simulated body fluid solution. Cockle shell powder concentrations affected the bone scaffold characteristics. The increment of the powder concentrations improved the physicochemical properties and bioactivity of the scaffolds.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2017:72/137 (ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bone engineering; Bone scaffold; Calcium carbonate; Cockle shell waste; Freeze‐drying
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Centre of Excellence: Centre of Excellence for Advanced Research in Fluid Flow
Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2019 07:06
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2019 07:06
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/25115
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