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Investigation of Lignin Content Removal in the Steam Exploded Empty Fruit Bunch Fibers

Saidatul Shima, Jamari and Mohd Noor, Nawi and Khairatun Najwa, Mohd Amin and Nurul Sa'aadah, Sulaiman and Shahril, Mohamad and Junaidi, Zakaria and Mohd Faizal, Ali and Shalyda, Md Shaarani and Aainaa Izyan, Nafsun and Muhammad Arif Fahmi, Supian and Rahimi, Mohammad and Zulkafli, Hassan (2019) Investigation of Lignin Content Removal in the Steam Exploded Empty Fruit Bunch Fibers. Key Engineering Materials, 797. pp. 218-223. ISSN 1013-9826 (print); 1662-9795 (online)

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Abstract

Empty fruit bunch (EFB) is a potential chemical feedstock particularly cellulose and lignin. However, the complete extraction of lignocellulosic structure in EFB is complex and difficult to achieve. Steam explosion is a pre-treatment process which has the ability to loosen the polymeric bond between the EFB structures. In this paper, the effect of steam explosion process towards the lignin removal was investigated. The raw EFB and exploded EFB were further extracted through the alkaline-hydrolysis process to obtain the yield of the insoluble lignin. In addition, the samples were also characterized using FTIR and TGA analysis. The yield obtained showed that the amount of lignin was reducing after the steam explosion process. Similar data were also recorded from the FTIR and TGA analyses. This work concludes that other than reducing the polymeric strength of the EFB’s lignocellulosic structure, the steam explosion also helps the delignification process.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomass, Empty Fruit Bunches, Lignin Removal, Steam Explosion
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2019 03:24
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2019 03:24
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/25123
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