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Multi-perspective CuO@C nanocomposites : synthesis using drumstick peel as carbon source and its optimization using response surface methodology

Surendra, T. V. and Roopan, Selvaraj Mohana and Devipriya, D. and Khan, Maksudur R. and Hassanien, Reda (2019) Multi-perspective CuO@C nanocomposites : synthesis using drumstick peel as carbon source and its optimization using response surface methodology. Composites Part B: Engineering, 172. pp. 690-703. ISSN 1359-8368

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Abstract

Recent finding on the Moringa oleifera (M. oleifera) species evidenced the significant pharmacological activities which comply with the claims made in the folk medicine. However there is no conclusive pharmacognostic, nutritional value, phytochemical investigations on the dry peel of M. oleifera till date. The current work discuss on the nutritional value, minerals, vitamins content, amino acids, bioactive compounds and quantitative phytochemical analysis of M. oleiferadry vegetable peel. The result obtained from the above study confirms the presence of carbohydrates, protein, and fat as 7.15 ± 0.15 mg/100 g, 2.5 ± 0.85 mg/100 g and 0.2 ± 0.08 mg/100 g respectively. The dry peel powder of M. oleifera showed high content of potassium with 12.48 ± 0.85 and promising amount of vitamins, amino acids and bioactive compound composition. From the preliminary phytochemical analysis, it was found that the dry vegetable peel contains high content total glycosides, falvonoids and phenolic contents. The preparations of CuO@C nanocomposites were optimized using RSM (Response surface methodology). The synthesized CuO@C nanocomposites were analyzed using various characterization techniques and size and shape of CuO@C nanocomposites determined as 20 nm with cubic shape. The synthesized CuO@C nanocomposites are showed nontoxic on the human erythrocytes and act as a good antibacterial agent on gram negative bacterial strain.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Composites; CuO@C; Nano-engineered materials; Natural carbon; RSM
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QK Botany
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs Norsaini Abdul Samat
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2019 06:32
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2019 06:32
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/25161
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