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Morphological, thermal stability and textural elucidation of raw and activated palm kernel shell and their potential use as environmental-friendly adsorbent

Ezzuldin, Shihab Saber M. and Syarifah, Abd Rahim and Wan Mohd Hafizuddin, Wan Yussof and Olalere, Olusegun Abayomi and Habeeb, Omar Abed (2019) Morphological, thermal stability and textural elucidation of raw and activated palm kernel shell and their potential use as environmental-friendly adsorbent. Chemical Data Collections, 21. pp. 1-5. ISSN 2405-8300

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Abstract

The use of environmental-friendly biomass as adsorbent is a critical discourse in the treatment of industrial wastewater. The need then arises for a controlled physicochemical preparation of this biomass into an activated carbon which can be used as potential adsorbents in wastewater treatment. In this study, the palm kernel shell (PKS) was prepared as activated carbon (AC). The raw and carbonised PKS were then characterized using different analytical techniques such as scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transforms infrared spectrometry (FTIR) and thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA). The FTIR spectra confirmed the presence of various functional groups which include O-H, C-O, -NH-, and aromatics group. Additionally, the PKSAC shows larger irregular cavities and porosity which was generated from the forceful attack of the KOH(aq) during activation. The morphology of the carbonized PKS revealed the formation of well-developed pores which validated the potential of the activated carbon in the treatment of wastewater.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Physicochemical; Palm kernel shell; Activated carbon; Industrial wastewater; Wastewater treatment; Adsorption
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs Norsaini Abdul Samat
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2019 08:25
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2019 08:25
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/25163
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