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Comparison of extraction techniques on extraction of gallic acid from stem bark of Jatropha curcas

Amirah and Reddy Prasad, D. M. and Khan, Maksudur R. (2012) Comparison of extraction techniques on extraction of gallic acid from stem bark of Jatropha curcas. Journal of Applied Sciences, 12 (11). pp. 1106-1111. ISSN 1812-5654

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Abstract

In this study, effectiveness of three different commonly applied extraction techniques for the determination of gallic acid in the stem bark of Jatropha curcas has been compared. The three different techniques that were used are namely as Soxhlet extraction, Ultrasonic-Assisted Extraction (UAE) and Microwave-Assisted Extraction (MAE). Quantification of gallic acid in the extracts was done using HPLC. In general, all extraction techniques were capable of extracting gallic acid from the stem bark, but the recovery obtained using modern extraction techniques was higher than using conventional extraction techniques. In particular, MAE extracts presented a higher amount of gallic acid than Soxhlet and UAE extracts. Therefore, MAE was a simple and rapid technique that was useful for extraction of Jatropha curcas stem bark. In contrast, Soxhlet extraction only results in slightly ruptured cell pores, which could explain its low amount of gallic acid produced.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gallic acid; HPLC techmque; Microwave assisted extraction (MAE); Soxhlef ultrasonic assisted extraction (UAE)
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Neng Sury Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2019 04:44
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2019 04:44
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/25323
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