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Syngas production through steam and CO2 reforming of methane over ni-based catalyst - technical review

Abdul wahid, Arman and Hagos, F. Y. and Abdul Adam, Abdullah and Rizalman, Mamat and Abd Rashid, A. Aziz (2019) Syngas production through steam and CO2 reforming of methane over ni-based catalyst - technical review. In: Energy Security And Chemical Engineering Congress (ESCHE) 2019, 17 - 19 Julai 2019 , Parkroyal Resort, Penang. . (Unpublished)

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Abstract

CH4 and CO2 are the two most abundant greenhouse gas emissions which are responsible for global warming. Therefore, the reduction of their emissions and proper utilization has become the most significant challenge in the field of green energy researches. Reforming of methane with steam and carbon dioxide is one of the feasible solutions to convert the primary sources of greenhouse gases into syngas (CO and H2). Nowadays, syngas is an essential resource for many industrial applications to produce beneficial value-added products. Besides, it has been referred to as a transition fuel from the carbon-based fossil fuel towards pure hydrogen energy in the stationary internal combustion engines. Reforming of methane with steam or CO2 occurs as a result of the reaction between methane and steam or CO2 at high temperature in the presence of a catalyst. Therefore, reaction routes need to be controlled to achieve the desired outputs. In order to control the reaction path, there are several parameters need to be technically optimized like thermodynamic analysis to determine the preferred temperature, pressure and feed concentrations ratios. Reaction kinetic is also necessary to find the reaction rate and select the convenience type of catalyst that can enhance the reaction rate. Catalyst selection and preparation are essential in the reaction because they contribute to the reaction outputs mainly of the syngas ratio (H2/CO). This manuscript is intended to observe the trend of technology improvements on thermodynamic analysis and kinetic study of steam and CO2 reforming of methane reactions over the Ni-based catalyst. It also presents the evaluation of the catalytic properties and their correlation with the performance of the catalyst needed for catalyst design and suitable for steam and dry reforming of methane reactions.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Other)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Syngas; Reforming; Methane reforming; Ni-based catalyst.
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Pn. Hazlinda Abd Rahman
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2019 08:49
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2019 08:49
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/25408
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