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Experimental analysis of SiO2-distilled water nanofluids in a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell parallel channel cooling plate

Irnie Azlin, Zakaria and Wan Ahmad Najmi, Wan Mohamed and Zailan, M. B. and Azmi, W. H. (2019) Experimental analysis of SiO2-distilled water nanofluids in a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell parallel channel cooling plate. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 44 (47). pp. 25850-25862. ISSN 0360-3199

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Abstract

An experimental report on the thermal performance of Silicone Dioxide (SiO2) nanofluid coolants based on a PEM fuel cell cooling system is presented. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of applying these nanofluids coolants as an alternative to conventional distilled water through detailed analysis of thermofluids behaviour in a simulated cooling plate environment. SiO2 nanoparticles were dispersed in distilled water at 0.1%, 0.3% and 0.5% volume concentrations and tested in a parallel channel cooling plate system. A constant heat load was supplied to simulate a fuel cell stack thermal condition. At inlet flow conditions from 750 to 900 Reynolds number, the SiO2 nanofluids reduced the average plate temperatures by 15%–20% compared to conventional water coolant. The nanofluids also increased the cooling effectiveness by a similar margin, as well as improving the bulk heat transfer coefficient to a range between 2700 and 4400 W m−2. oC−1. However, the required pumping power was also increased due to the added viscous effect. Through the Advantage Ratio (AR) analysis, it was concluded that the enhancement in heat transfer mechanics was more significant than the penalties in fluid flow dynamics. Thus, the SiO2 nanofluids and the cooling plate design are possible options for advanced PEM fuel cell thermal management practice in future stack designs.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: SiO2 nanofluids; PEM fuel cell; Thermal management; Cooling plate
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs Norsaini Abdul Samat
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2019 07:35
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2019 07:35
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/26168
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