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Optimization of aqueous extraction of blue dye from butterfly pea flower

Ashwini, Baskaran and Siti Kholijah Abdul, Mudalib and Izhab, Izirwan (2019) Optimization of aqueous extraction of blue dye from butterfly pea flower. In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 12th Seminar on Science and Technology, 2-3 October 2018 , Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia. pp. 1-9., 1358 (012001). ISSN 1742-6596

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Abstract

Dyes are widely used in industries such as textiles, leather, paper, and plastics to colourthefinal products. People use natural sources such as stem, bark, leaves, roots and flowers to get different coloursfor dyeing purposes. In addition, natural colorants such as anthocyanins are known for their possible health benefits as dietary antioxidants. The objectivesof this study areto extract the blue dyefrom the butterfly pea flower using maceration method and to determine the optimum condition by response surface methodology. The flowers weredried, grinded and went through the maceration method for the extraction process. Response surface models were developed correlating the extraction yield with three parameters namely residence time, temperature and solid to liquid ratio. The result from this experiment was optimized using response surface methodology to obtain the optimum condition at temperature 54 °C, extraction time 74minutes and solid-to-liquid ratio of 1:37to give extraction yield of 45.51%.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: butterfly pea flower; aqueous extraction
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Izirwan Izhab
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2019 08:22
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2019 08:22
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/26492
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