UMP Institutional Repository

Optimization of saponins, phenolics, and antioxidants extracted from fenugreek seeds using microwave-assisted extraction and response surface methodology as an optimizing tool

Akbari, Sweeta and Nour, A. H. and R. M., Yunus (2019) Optimization of saponins, phenolics, and antioxidants extracted from fenugreek seeds using microwave-assisted extraction and response surface methodology as an optimizing tool. Comptes Rendus Chimie. pp. 1-14. ISSN 1631-0748 (In Press)

[img]
Preview
Pdf
Optimization of saponins1.pdf

Download (118kB) | Preview

Abstract

Fenugreek is a multiregional plant mostly found in Asia, the Middle East, and some European countries. Thus, this study aimed to optimize the microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) process parameters such as irradiation time (2–4 min), ethanol concentration (40–80%), microwave power (500–700 W), solid-to-liquid ratio (1:8–1:12 g/mL), and a fixed extraction temperature (70 °C) for fenugreek seed powder. Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to optimize MAE process parameters to achieve optimal total saponin content (TSC), total phenolic content (TPC), 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), and 2,2′-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) antioxidant capacities of fenugreek seed extract. The levels of independent variables were first evaluated using one-factor-at-one-time method, after which the suitable levels (−1, 0, and +1) were selected for the optimization process. The optimal conditions of MAE parameters were found to be 2.84 min, 572.50 W, 63.68%, and 0.09 g/mL. Based on the suggested optimum conditions, the obtained responses were 195.89 ± 1.07 (mg diosgenin equivalent/g d.w.), 81.85 ± 0.61 (mg gallic acid equivalent/g d.w.), 92.86 ± 0.56%, and 95.85 ± 0.81%. Analysis of variance revealed that all the responses including TSC, TPC, DPPH, and ABTS antioxidant capacities were significantly influenced (P < 0.05) by irradiation time, solvent concentration, microwave oven power, and feed-to-solvent ratio. Hence, the results obtained from liquid chromatography–quadrupole–time-of-flight mass spectrometry indicated the presence of steroid saponins, triterpenoid saponins, phenolics, and other natural antioxidants.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fenugreek seed; Saponin; Phenolic; Antioxidant; Microwave-assisted extraction; Optimization
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2019 04:43
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2019 04:43
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/26647
Download Statistic: View Download Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item