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Microwave-assisted extraction of saponin, phenolic and flavonoid compounds from Trigonella foenum-graecum seed based on two level factorial design

Akbari, Sweeta and Nour, A. H. and R. M., Yunus and Fayaz, Fahim (2019) Microwave-assisted extraction of saponin, phenolic and flavonoid compounds from Trigonella foenum-graecum seed based on two level factorial design. Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 14 (100212). pp. 1-10. ISSN 2214-7861

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Abstract

Fenugreek (Trigonella-foenum graecum) is a tropical plant with medicinal properties which is traditionally known since the ancient time. In this research, various microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) related parameters such as extraction time (2–12 min), ethanol concentration (20–100%), microwave power (300–700 W), ratio of feed-to-solvent (1:8-1:16 g/mL) and extraction temperature (40–80 °C) were evaluated using experimental method of one-factor-at-a-time (OFAT). The screening of extraction parameters was then evaluated using two-level factorial design under Design-Expert to find out the significant parameters in terms of obtaining high extraction yield, total saponin, phenolic and flavonoid contents in fenugreek seed. The results of OFAT revealed that the maximum yields of recovery were achieved at microwave parameters of 3 min irradiation time, microwave power 600 W, 60% solvent concentration, 1:10 g/mL of feed-to-solvent ratio and 70 °C temperature. The screening process using two level factorial design (TLFD) also indicated that solvent concentration, time of irradiation, microwave power and ratio of feed-to-solvent were the significant parameters affecting the recovery yields of total saponin, phenolic and flavonoid contents where (p < 0.05). While, the temperature of microwave was not counted significant (P > 0.05). The extract was also evaluated for its chemical composition using GC–MS analysis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fenugreek seed; Factorial design; Total saponin content; Total flavonoid content; Total phenolic content
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2019 04:51
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2019 04:51
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/26648
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