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Optimization of reaction parameters of esterification on the synthesis of palm oil-based alkyds using response surface methods

Beg, M. D. H. and Islam, M. R. and Ahmed, Badlishah and R. M., Yunus and Abdullah, Abu Hannifa (2019) Optimization of reaction parameters of esterification on the synthesis of palm oil-based alkyds using response surface methods. In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 6th Global Conference on Polymer and Composite Materials (PCM 2019), 8-11 July 2019 , Bangkok, Thailand. pp. 1-8., 634 (012038). ISSN 1757-8981 (Print), 1757-899X (Online)

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Abstract

In this research, polyalkyd resins were prepared from palm oil by polycondensation reaction. A two-step method viz., alcoholysis and esterification were conducted to synthesize polyalkyd resins. Response surface methodology was used to optimize the reaction parameters for esterification like reaction temperature, reaction time, catalyst concentration, acid anhydride to mono-glyceride ratio and agitation speed. The optimum condition was used to prepare various types of polyalkyds using different types of acid anhydrides such as, maleic anhydride, succinic anhydride, phthalic anhydride, 3,4,5,6-tetrahydrophthalic anhydride and cis-1,2-cyclohexanedicarboxylic anhydride. Result analyses through RSM revealed a desirability of 0.985 for the reaction time of 88.64 min. Moreover, 91.5% fractional conversion was achieved actually, which is close to the predicted value. The analysis revealed that 3,4,5,6-tetrahydophthalic anhydride-based resin showed improved resinous property than others due to the high degree of crosslinking.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Catalyst concentration; Polycondensation reactions; Fractional conversion; Phthalic anhydrides
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Depositing User: Mrs Norsaini Abdul Samat
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2020 02:55
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2020 02:55
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/26956
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