UMP Institutional Repository

The fluctuation of long-term streamflow pattern with considered the climate change impacts

Misriyah, Helman (2018) The fluctuation of long-term streamflow pattern with considered the climate change impacts. Faculty of Civil Engineering and Earth Resources, Universiti Malaysia Pahang.

[img]
Preview
Pdf
The fluctuation of long-term streamflow pattern with considered the climate change.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (235kB) | Preview

Abstract

The escalation of global surface temperature in response to the alter of composition of the atmosphere will notably effect upon local hydrological patterns and water resources. This circumstance will later lead to the necessity for an assessment of climate change impacts. The main purpose of this study is to determine the current climate pattern and predict the future streamflow by using the applicability of statistical downscaling model (SDSM) and identification of unit hydrographs and component flows from rainfall, evaporation and streamflow data (IHACRES) models, respectively. In this study, the investigation was done by the potentiality of IHACRES to predict the fluctuation of long-term streamflow influenced by large-scale atmospheric variables which focused on Sg. Yap, Pahang. The study was done by the calibration and validation of from 26 NCEP-reanalysis data and the general circulation models (GCMs) outputs, and the subsequent the prediction of future rainfall and temperature in term of three different greenhouse gas emission scenarios (RCP2.6, RCP4.5 and RCP8.5). Based on the calibration and validation results, SDSM produced good performance in temperature simulation and low performance in rainfall simulation. The projection of mean monthly temperature for future years (2020-2099) for each scenario, it is predicted there is decreasing mean temperature from September to December achieving -6.13% (RCP2.6), -5.94% (RCP4.5) and -6.25% (RCP8.5) while the increasing trends from January to August reaching +7.07% (RCP2.6), +6.80% (RCP4.5) and +7.00% (RCP8.5). Meanwhile, for average monthly rainfall projection in 2020-2099, the increasing monthly rainfall from September to December achieving +67.39% (RCP2.6), +71.14% (RCP4.5) and -+66.60% (RCP8.5) while the decreasing trends from January to August reaching -69.69% (RCP2.6), -46.11% (RCP4.5) and -39.00% (RCP8.5). On top of that, IHACRES model able to show reliable simulation of streamflow in this study. The projection of future streamflow pattern (2020-2099), corresponding to the downscaled future climate projection by comparing the future trends with the historical records, the average mean monthly streamflow is decreasing obviously with -52.00%, -54.68% and -53.05% for the scenario RCP2.6, RCP4.5 and RCP8.5, respectively. The fluctuation of future flows is can be clearly seen from its pattern of monthly, annual and decade inflow in the different scenarios.

Item Type: Undergraduates Project Papers
Additional Information: Project Paper (Bachelor of Civil Engineering) -- Universiti Malaysia Pahang – 2018, SV: DR. NURUL NADRAH AQILAH BINTI TUKIMAT, NO. CD: 11915
Uncontrolled Keywords: Streamflow; climate pattern; IHACRES
Subjects: T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Civil Engineering & Earth Resources
Depositing User: Mrs. Sufarini Mohd Sudin
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2020 09:02
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2020 09:02
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/27277
Download Statistic: View Download Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item