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Investigation on the effect of build orientation and heat treatment on tensile strength and fracture mechanism of FDM 3D printed PLA

Fatchurrohman, Nanang and Nurul Najihah Najlaa, Noor Hamdan and Gebremariam, Mebrahitom Asmelash and Saptaji, Kushendarsyah (2020) Investigation on the effect of build orientation and heat treatment on tensile strength and fracture mechanism of FDM 3D printed PLA. In: iMEC-APCOMS 2019: Proceedings of the 4th International Manufacturing Engineering Conference and The 5th Asia Pacific Conference on Manufacturing Systems, 21-22 August 2019 , Putrajaya, Malaysia. pp. 461-465.. ISBN 978-981-15-0950-6

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Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) printing is one of the many popular types additive manufacturing. Current FDM product has low tensile strength due to the printing orientation that affect to the low bonding layer by layer inside the material. Furthermore, experimental work of FDM using different printing orientation are still limited. The aim of this investigation is to characterize the effect of build orientation and heat treatment on the mechanical performance of PLA samples manufactured using fused deposition modelling (FDM) - 3D printer. Specimens were fabricated according to ASTM-D638 type IV. The next investigation was to analyse the effect of build orientation and heat treatment on the printed specimens. Tensile tests were carried out to determine the mechanical response of the printed specimens. The highest result for ultimate strength and yield strength achieved by heat-treated on-edge orientation, 47.84 MPa and 43.94 MPa respectively while the highest elastic modulus is untreated upright orientation, 8.96 GPa. The results showed that different orientations effect the behaviour of tensile strength and yield strength of the 3D printed PLA. Heat treatment process effected the layer bonding of the specimen as it strengthens the bonding between the layer. In addition, the results have highlighted different fracture behaviour for the upright orientation, on-edge and flat orientations.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Additional Information: Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)
Uncontrolled Keywords: FDM; 3D printing; PLA; Build Orientation; Heat Treatment
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TS Manufactures
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering
Depositing User: Pn. Hazlinda Abd Rahman
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2020 04:39
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2020 08:21
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/27374
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