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Identification of polluted sites in four major rivers in Kuantan, Malaysia based on water chemistry estimates of aquatic microbial activity

Kozaki, D. and Norhasmira Idayu, Harun and Chong, C. H. and Murni Hayati, Esraruddin and Nor Atiah, Yunus and Aini Syazana, Derahman and Pu, Kee Seng and Nurul Syazwani, Alias and Kumutharani, Annamalai and Sarmila, Nagappan and Mohd Hasbi, Ab. Rahim and M. M., Yusoff (2019) Identification of polluted sites in four major rivers in Kuantan, Malaysia based on water chemistry estimates of aquatic microbial activity. Sustainability, 11 (14). pp. 1-19. ISSN 2071-1050

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Abstract

Kuantan in Pahang, Malaysia has experienced rapid development and environmental degradation over the past decade following the implementation of The National Physical Plan 2005. To assess water quality and identify polluted areas in the region, we measured the water chemistry and microbial activity in response to land-use changes for four major rivers, namely, Pahang, Kuantan, Belat, and Galing, using data from ion chromatography and portable water quality monitoring devices. The following were concluded: (1) significant differences in chemical oxygen demand, COD concentration among all monitored rivers suggest that COD and its associated biological reactions are key parameters to assess anthropogenic water quality degradation in our study area; (2) due to the low anthropogenic wastewater pollution, the dominant microbial reactions in the Pahang, Kuantan, and Belat rivers were aerobic microbial oxidation of organic compounds and nitrification by nitrifying bacteria, allowing the rivers to self-purify; (3) the Galing River predominantly experiences anaerobic decomposition of organic compounds through microbial denitrification and sulfate reduction due to the heavy anthropogenic land use in the river basin; and (4) the western side of the Galing River and upstream sites located within the industrial and business/servicing areas in the Kuantan city center experience the heaviest pollution.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aquatic environmental pollution; Land utilization; Aquatic biological reaction; South East Asia (Peninsula Malaysia)
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Depositing User: Mrs Norsaini Abdul Samat
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2020 23:31
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2020 23:31
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/27447
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