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Effect of different bleaching reagents and process sequences on the properties of steam exploded empty fruit bunch (EFB) fiber

Muhammad Arif Fahmi, Supian and S., Mohamad and K. N. M, Amin and Saidatul Shima, Jamari and Junaidah, Zakaria and S. F. S., Mohamad and Shahril, Mohamad (2019) Effect of different bleaching reagents and process sequences on the properties of steam exploded empty fruit bunch (EFB) fiber. In: 26th Regional Symposium on Chemical Engineering (RSCE 2019), 30-31 July 2019 , Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 1-14.. (Unpublished)

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Bleaching reagent process is essential for the production of cellulose, pulp and paper to increase the appearance and quality of the final products. Empty fruit bunch (EFB) is an agricultural waste with lignocellulosic constituent. Recently, the conversion of EFB towards pulp for food packaging and paper manufacturing or cellulose based materials has been actively developed in lab and pilot scales. However, obtaining efficient extraction and bleaching processes is still the main challenge. In this paper, effect of different bleaching reagent at different sequences towards the brightness properties of the EFB fiber is observed. The EFB fiber was pre-treated using steam explosion process, hot water treatment, alkaline treatment before undergo the bleaching process. Four systems of bleaching process were set using NaOCl and NaO2Cl as the bleaching reagents. Two sets of the system are using single reagent and the other two sets are using mixed reagent. In the single reagent bleaching system, four stages of bleaching process were used for each NaO2Cl (C) and NaOCl (H) solution respectively. While, the mixed bleaching reagent was conducted with two stages of processes with different sequence of reagents (CH and HC). The bleached cellulose obtained via these two systems were characterized in terms of brightness, chemical composition, thermal characteristic and degree of crystallinity. The mixed bleaching reagent system the HC has produced the best quality of cellulose with brightness at 77.68%. The chemical and thermal characteristic of the bleached pulp fiber does not change when the bleaching method were applied to the fibers. Even though, single bleaching reagent system with sodium chlorite shows almost similar brightness at 78.66%, the quantity of solvent used is higher compared to the mixed bleaching reagent system. As a conclusion, mixed bleaching reagent system is an efficient system to produce better quality of cellulose and paper from EFB.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Empty fruit bunch (EFB); NaO2Cl (C); NaOCl (H); Lignocellulosic Constituent
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Pn. Hazlinda Abd Rahman
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2020 03:43
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2020 03:43
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