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Formulation, characterization and biological activity screening of sodium alginate-gum arabic nanoparticles loaded with curcumin

Hassani, Abdelkader and Mahmood, Syed and Enezei, H. H. and Siti Aslina, Hussain and Hamad, Hamad Ali and Aldoghachi, Ahmed Faris and Hagar, Abdullah and Doolaanea, Abd Almonem and Ibrahim, Wisam Nabeel (2020) Formulation, characterization and biological activity screening of sodium alginate-gum arabic nanoparticles loaded with curcumin. Molecules, 25 (9). pp. 1-21. ISSN 1420-3049 (print); 1420-3049 (online)

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Abstract

The approach of drug delivery systems emphasizes the use of nanoparticles as a vehicle, offering the optional property of delivering drugs as a single dose rather than in multiple doses. The current study aims to improve antioxidant and drug release properties of curcumin loaded gum Arabic-sodium alginate nanoparticles (Cur/ALG-GANPs). The Cur/ALG-GANPs were prepared using the ionotropic gelation technique and further subjected to physico-chemical characterization using attenuated total reflectance–Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR), X-ray diffractometry (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), size distribution, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The size of Cur/ALG-GANPs ranged between 10 ± 0.3 nm and 190 ± 0.1 nm and the zeta potential was –15 ± 0.2 mV. The antioxidant study of Cur/ALG-GANPs exhibited effective radical scavenging capacity for 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) at concentrations that ranged between 30 and 500µg/mL. Cytotoxicity was performed using MTT assay to measure their potential in inhibiting the cell growth and the result demonstrated a significant anticancer activity of Cur/ALG-GANPs against human liver cancer cells (HepG2) than in colon cancer (HT29), lung cancer (A549) and breast cancer (MCF7) cells. Thus, this study indicates that Cur/ALG-GANPs have promising anticancer properties that might aid in future cancer therapy.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Curcumin; Gum Arabic; Sodium alginate; Nanoparticles; Cytotoxicity
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Centre of Excellence: Centre of Excellence for Advanced Research in Fluid Flow
Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mrs Norsaini Abdul Samat
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2021 03:56
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2021 03:56
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/28559
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