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Electrochemical Disposition of Titanium Dioxide Photocatalyst on Micropores Silicon Wafer for Water Treatment Application

Basheer, Esmail Abdullah Mohammed and Mahmood, Wafaa K. and Abdulbari, Hayder A. (2020) Electrochemical Disposition of Titanium Dioxide Photocatalyst on Micropores Silicon Wafer for Water Treatment Application. In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Energy Security and Chemical Engineering Congress, 17-19 July 2019 , Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 1-13., 736 (042015). ISSN 1757-899X

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Abstract

Titanium dioxide (TiO2), due to wide band gap, has a limited use in water treatment process because of its low activity under visible light. Such drawback is usually associated with the inadequate solar spectrum that activates its surface, i.e., most of the photoexcited electron-hole pairs tend to recombine, leading to a reduction in the photocatalytic performance. Immobilization of TiO2 on the surface of silicon is considered as a useful approach to overcome this drawback. However, the immobilization methods require high temperature and pressure, which limit the numbers and types of materials that can be utilized as a substrate. The known electrochemical deposition procedures are usually conducted through two major steps, electrochemical oxidation and hydrolysis of Ti(III) precursor to form a thin layer on the surface of the substrate, followed by thermal annealing to form crystalline phase. The present work introduces the immobilization of titanium dioxide on a microporous silicon (MPSi) wafer through direct electrochemical deposition, where titanium dioxide P25 was used in the electrolyte solution. The photocatalyst surface morphology and composition were characterized using Scan Electron Microscope (SEM), Electron Dispersive X-ray (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray Photoemission Spectroscopy (XPS) techniques. The photocatalytic activities of the new composites were investigated, and the experimental results indicate that the fabricated TiO2–MPSi showed higher methylene blue degradation rate than that of the conventional P25 catalyst. This is due to the unique photosensitivity and porous structure of the new photocatalytic composites. with the advantages of using this method, it is believed that more efficient photocatalyst can be produced.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Titanium dioxide (TiO2); water treatment;
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Centre of Excellence: Centre of Excellence for Advanced Research in Fluid Flow
Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2020 03:12
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2020 03:12
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/28892
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