Synthesis and properties evaluation of sodium grease formulated from used transformer oil as base oil

N. Suhaila, A. Japar and Mohd Aizudin, Abd Aziz and N., Hamid (2020) Synthesis and properties evaluation of sodium grease formulated from used transformer oil as base oil. In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering; 5th UTP-UMP-UAF Symposium on Energy Systems 2019, SES 2019 , 1 - 2 October 2019 , Kuantan. pp. 1-12., 863 (1). ISSN 1757-8981 (Print), 1757-899X (Online)

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This study aimed to prepare sodium grease using used transformer oil as a base oil and investigate the prepared grease properties. Oil, whether it is new or used, is a significant contributor to water pollution due to its toxicity towards the environment. In this study, used transformer oil (UTO) is utilized as grease's base oil. The properties of the grease were evaluated in terms of their consistency, drop point, oil separation, and bled oil in accordance with ASTM D217, D2265, D1742, and IP 121, respectively. The grease also characterized by using the FTIR-ATR. The results show that the grease can be formulated using UTO with significant grease properties of >180 °C dropping point, −15% to +15% of oil bleeding at both 25 °C and 70 °C, no separated oil during storage, and slightly tarnish on copper strip. The best UTO-based sodium grease formulation was 67.5:32.5 of oil-to-thickener ratio and it was classified as NLGI 2 grease. Moreover, the FTIR spectrum shows no contaminants or unknown chemical changes or additive in UTO and the prepared grease. The addition of MoS2 in grease shows no significant improvement in sodium grease properties. Thus, UTO was able to work as grease base oil and exhibited overall good properties but, UTO-based grease analysis on its tribology is necessary to study the prepared grease performances during operation.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Grease properties; Water pollution; Grease performances
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mrs Norsaini Abdul Samat
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2022 08:00
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2022 08:00
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