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Biodiesel production from mixed elengi and pongamia oil using calcined waste animal bone as a novel heterogeneous catalyst

Anand, M. and Deepanraj, B. and Ranjitha, J. and M. M., Noor (2020) Biodiesel production from mixed elengi and pongamia oil using calcined waste animal bone as a novel heterogeneous catalyst. In: International Conference on Technological Advancements in Materials, Design, Manufacturing and Energy Sectors (ICTAMDMES'20), 20-21 February 2020 , Chennai, India. pp. 1-7., 923. ISSN 1757-8981 (Print); 1757-899X (Online)

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Abstract

Recently, researchers have shown more interest towards biodiesel production from non-edible vegetable oils. The main advantages of biodiesel as a fuel includes biodegradability, non-toxicity, renewability and low emission profiles. I n this study, crude mixed oil was used as feedstock for biodiesel production using Heterogeneous Catalyst synthesized from waste animal bone. Initially, mechanical ext raction process was used to extract the crude mixed oil from the seeds of Mimusops elengi, and Pongamia pinnata. The crude oil collected from different plant species was characterized using GC-MS spectral data to identify their fatty acid composition. Consequently, the mixed crude oil was converted into biodiesel in the presence of calcinated heterogeneous catalyst obtained from waste animal bone and the catalyst was characterized by SEM, XRD and FTIR spectral data. The effect of variables including methanol to oil molar ratio, catalyst concentration, reaction temperature, reaction time and rate of mixing on the biodiesel yield was evaluated and opt imized. The characteristics biodiesel obtained from mixed oil were close to commercial diesel f uel and used as an alternative to diesel in near future.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mimusops elengi; Pongamia pinnata; Biodiesel; CaO heterogeneous catalyst
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Ts. Dr. Muhamad Mat Noor
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2020 03:42
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2020 03:42
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/29513
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