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Optimization of Water Treatment Parameters using Processed Moringa oleifera As a Natural Coagulant for Low Turbidity Water

Ali, Eman N. and Suleyman, A. Muyibi and Md Zahangir, Alam and Hamzah, M. Salleh (2012) Optimization of Water Treatment Parameters using Processed Moringa oleifera As a Natural Coagulant for Low Turbidity Water. In: 2012 International Conference on Statistics in Science, Business and Engineering (ICSSBE2012), 10-12 September 2012 , Langkawi, Kedah. .

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Abstract

Moringa oleifera is a natural coagulant which can be used for water treatment in tropical developing countries. This study presents the results of production of natural coagulant from processed Moringa oleifera with simple technique (oil extraction, salt extraction, and microfiltration with 0.2 μm). The optimization study on physical factors was carried out for coagulation-flocculation process. Low initial turbidity water samples (synthetic and river water) were used with turbidity less than 50 Nephelometric Turbidity Units (NTU). The response surface methodology (RSM) was used, and the analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed to validate the developed regression model. The residual turbidity obtained was 4.514 NTU for synthetic water and 1.598 NTU for river water by applying the optimum conditions of 40 rpm (low speed), mixing time of 41 minutes, and Moringa oleifera dosage of 0.75 mg/L.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Moringa oleifera; Optimization; Coagulation; Response surface methodology; Low turbidity
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Siti Aishah Ghani
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2012 05:28
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2018 02:21
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/3056
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