Tuning palladium nickel phosphide toward efficient oxygen evolution performance

Sankar, Sasidharan and Sugawara, Yuuki and Aravindh, S. Assa and Rajan, Jose and Tamaki, Takanori and Anilkumar, Gopinathan M. and Yamaguchi, Takeo (2020) Tuning palladium nickel phosphide toward efficient oxygen evolution performance. ACS Applied Energy Materials, 3 (1). pp. 879-888. ISSN 2574-0962

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Highly efficient and durable catalysts are increasingly sought in water electrolysis, particularly for resolving the sluggish oxygen evolution reaction (OER) kinetics. Herein, ternary phosphides in the palladium-nickel-phosphorus system developed via a simple reduction approach as hollow and dense nanostructures (PdNiP-H and PdNiP-D, respectively) are shown to overcome the kinetic drawbacks of Pd and deliver superior alkaline OER activity. The PdNiPH showed OER activity at a significantly lower overpotential (300 mV) and Tafel slope (48 mV dec -1 ) in addition to having a longer stability than the corresponding dense particles (PdNiPD) (330 mV and 49 mV dec -1 ) and the commercial benchmark, RuO2 (360 mV and 67 mV dec - 1 ), in half-cell conditions. While combining experiments and density functional theory (DFT) calculations, these enhancements are shown to arise from surface properties and the modified electronic environment of the ternary phosphide as well as by the enhanced charge transfer sites due to the hollow architecture. DFT calculations identify the density of states (DOS) and support Pd lattice alteration, the shift in the d band center, and the subsequent modification in electronic properties of Pd that is favorable for OER. The phosphodization methodology adopted here highlights an efficient strategy for generating a range of morphologies of ternary phosphides as sustainable and stable energy conversion/storage materials.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hollow structures; Kirkendall effect; Palladium nickel hosphide; Phosphodization; Oxygen evolution reaction; Water electrolysis
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Mrs Norsaini Abdul Samat
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2021 07:56
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2021 07:56
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/30791
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