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Preparation & characterization of microcrystalline cellulose from agriculture waste

Nur Aiman, Senusi and Norshahidatul Akhmar, Mohd Shohaimi and Zamani, A. H. and Nurasmat, Mohd Shukri and Mohammad Khairul Azhar, Abdul Razab and Mazlan, Mohamed and Mohamad Asyraf, Mohd Amin and Wan Nur Aini, Wan Mokhtar and Abrar, Ismardi and An'Amt, Bin Mohamed Noor and Nor Hakimin, Abdullah (2020) Preparation & characterization of microcrystalline cellulose from agriculture waste. In: IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, International Conference on Science and Technology (ICoST 2020), 10 September 2020 , Virtual, Malaysia. pp. 1-8., 596 (012035). ISSN 1755-1307

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In this work, microcrystalline cellulose was prepared from oil palm trunk by water treated fibre process and alkali bleaching. The prepared samples were characterized by using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy attenuated total reflectance (FTIR-ATR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). FTIR-ATR spectra analysis indicates the presence of the hydroxyl group, alcohol, alkane/alkene and imine group. XRD patterns revealed the amorphous nature of the samples and the crystallinity index for extracted cellulose is 48.7 %. SEM images showed the fibrous structure of the microcrystalline cellulose with a size of 50 μm. This research proved that the synthesized microcrystalline cellulose could be potentially used as reinforcement in bio composite for better performance and ductility.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Agriculture waste; Oil palm trunk; (FTIR-ATR
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Depositing User: Mrs Norsaini Abdul Samat
Date Deposited: 17 May 2021 08:23
Last Modified: 17 May 2021 08:23
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