Study on enzyme activities in pineapple fruit and pineapple waste to be applied as poultry supplement

N. A. M., Ridzuan and Shalyda, Md Shaarani and Zatul Iffah, Mohd Arshad and N., Masngut and N., Zainol and Jun Haslinda, Shariffuddin (2020) Study on enzyme activities in pineapple fruit and pineapple waste to be applied as poultry supplement. In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 5th International Conference of Chemical Engineering and Industrial Biotechnology (ICCEIB 2020) , 9-11 August 2020 , Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp. 1-8., 991 (012064). ISSN 1757-8981 (Print), 1757-899X (Online)

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Pineapple fruit contains essential minerals and vitamins with some medicinal values. Hence, it can be used as a raw material to make poultry supplements. Abundance of pineapple waste also has led to the environmental problems such as producing bad odor and has increased waste capacity in the landfill. In this present work, the potential of pineapple fruit and pineapple waste were investigated to be used as the raw materials for poultry supplement based on their enzyme activities. In this study, the effect of fermentation time and type of pineapple substrates on enzyme activities which were xylanase, total cellulase and protease were studied. Two types of pineapple samples have been used in this study which were pineapple fruit and pineapple waste. Four type of pineapple substrates have been prepared which were pineapple juice, pineapple waste, pineapple juice + probiotic and pineapple waste + probiotic. The purpose of adding probiotic in this study was to enhance the fermentation reaction. The results showed that the fermentation time that have the highest enzyme activities for xylanase, total cellulase and protease were observed at day 2, 4 and 6 respectively, where substrate contains pineapple juice + probiotic recorded the highest enzyme activities value for all the three enzymes. This study had investigated that pineapple fruit and pineapple waste contain digestion enzymes which were xylanase, protease and cellulase that can be applied as poultry supplements.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pineapple fruit; Pineapple waste; Poultry supplements; Xylanase; Total cellulase; Protease; Probiotic
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mrs Norsaini Abdul Samat
Date Deposited: 17 May 2021 04:33
Last Modified: 17 May 2021 04:33
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