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To produce the activated carbon from matured palm kernel shell

Zarifah Nadiah, Mohamad Salleh (2010) To produce the activated carbon from matured palm kernel shell. Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering , Universiti Malaysia Pahang .

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Abstract

The objectives of this experiment were to prepare the activated carbon from matured palm kernel shell as a raw material by carbonization and the studied which optimum variables such as temperature, concentration of phosphoric acid and cooling down time are suitable. Activated carbon is a form of carbon that has been processed to make extremely porous and have very large surface area for adsorption and chemical reactions. The matured palm kernel shell is carbonized in a glass furnace at elevation temperature after soaked with H acid and cooled down the carbonized activated carbon. Methyl orange are used as an indicator to test the carbonized raw material whether it is activated carbon or common charcoal. The real activated carbon would change the orange solution to a clear solution and the solution of different color is analyzed by using FTIR to check the functional group of methyl orange. The result showed that 1000 Co is the optimum temperature to carbonize the raw material and the use of 0.35M H3po acid with the cooling down time at 30 minutes would give the best adsorption of activated carbon after filtration. From the data obtained by FTIR, the 0.35M H43po acid has showed that the peak functional group of methyl orange is reduced from first filtration till last filtration. It is recommend that the raw material not to be crushed small than 0.2 mm, because it will effect the adsorption and filtration rate. As a conclusion, The activated carbon has been produced from matured palm kernel shell using glass furnace and The optimum effect of variables have been determined by observation and analysis of FTIR, it is at 100004 C of temperature, by impregnated in 0.35M of Phosphoric acid and cool the activated carbon down in 30 minutes are found to be the optimum variables in producing the activated carbon.

Item Type: Undergraduates Project Papers
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carbon, Activated;Carbon - Absorption and adsorption;Phenols
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Shamsor Masra Othman
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2013 02:35
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2015 07:59
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/3112
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