Synthesis and characteristics of silica nano-particles using modified sol–gel method in microreactor

Fiona, W.M. Ling and Abdulbari, Hayder A. and Chin, Sim-Yee (2020) Synthesis and characteristics of silica nano-particles using modified sol–gel method in microreactor. Materials Today: Proceedings, 42. pp. 1-7. ISSN 2214-7853. (Published)

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Abstract

Sol-gel is one of the known and widely applied techniques in nano-particles synthesis. However, the conventional batch sol–gel method produces silica nano-particles with uneven shapes and wide size distribution. In the present work, silica nano-particles will be synthesized using a traditional sol–gel method and a modified sol–gel technique by creating a microfluidic reactor. A olydimethylsiloxane microreactor was first designed and fabricated using the direct writing method. The microfluidic reactor was designed with a micro-droplets generation junction where the reactants are mixed to generate droplets where each droplet as an independent reactor. The synthesis process involved tetraethyl orthosilicate as a precursor, acetic acid as a catalyst and water as a hydrolysing agent. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to measure and evaluate the nano-particles size and distribution of the two sol–gel methods implemented. The silica nano-particles synthesized from conventional bench-scale sol–gel method showed poor monodispersity and not in a perfect spherical configuration that has an average size of 95 ± 4 nm. In contrast, highly monodispersed silica nano-particles were produced using a microreactor with an average size of 6 ± 1.3 nm, and the particles were in a perfect spherical configuration. The nano-particles produced from microflow system showed a reduction of 93.68% in size. The results indicated clearly that the micro-mixing associated with the micro-droplets generation is dynamically controlling the shape and size of the formulated nano-particles by controlling the droplet’s internal mixing mechanism.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Silica nano-particles; Microreactor; Microfluidics; Sol-gel
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Ms. Ratna Wilis Haryati Mustapa
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2021 05:46
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2021 05:46
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/31547
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