UMP Institutional Repository

Performance of stone mastic asphalt incorporating Kenaf fiber

Nur Syafiqah S, M Z and Khairil Azman, Masri and Nur Ezreen, Jasni and Muzamir, Hasan (2021) Performance of stone mastic asphalt incorporating Kenaf fiber. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 641 (012001). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1755-1315


Download (496kB) | Preview


Stone mastic asphalt (SMA) is a type of gap-graded asphalt mixture that contain large gap between big size and small size of aggregate. These criteria tend to reduce the tensile strength of mixture. To solve this, SMA usually mixed with synthetic fiber to increase tensile strength. However, synthetic fiber is costly and rarely obtained from local supplies. Thus, the aim of this study is to utilize different percentages of natural fiber which is kenaf fiber in SMA to overcome issues related to SMA. Among the test involved were LA Abrasion, Marshall Stability, Resilient Modulus, and Dynamic Creep. From the results, it shows that the addition of 0.2% fiber contributes to lowest value of abrasion. In addition, 0.2% fiber also produces the highest density of SMA20 (Stone Mastic Asphalt Grade 20). It could be seen that 0.6% of kenaf fiber producing highest value of resilient modulus. Dynamic creep also shows a significant value for 0.2% amount of kenaf fiber. Thus, it can be concluded that the existence of fiber is capable in enhancing the performance of SMA which is evident for instance, the density. The outcome of this study also contributes to the improvement of current guideline in designing SMA mixture especially for Public Work Department of Malaysia.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: International Conference of Sustainable Earth Resources Engineering 2020 19th June 2020, virtually run from the server of Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia
Uncontrolled Keywords: Stone mastic asphalt (SMA); gap-graded asphalt; asphalt mixture; Kenaf fiber; asphalt binder
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Institute of Postgraduate Studies
College of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Ratna Wilis Haryati Mustapa
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2021 06:00
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2021 06:00
Download Statistic: View Download Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item