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Current research and development status of corrosion behavior of automotive materials in biofuels

Shehzad, Aamir and Ahmed, Arslan and Quazi, M. M. and Jamshaid, Muhammad and Ashrafur Rahman, S. M. and Masjuki, Haji Hassan and Muhammad Asif Javed, Hafiz (2021) Current research and development status of corrosion behavior of automotive materials in biofuels. Energies, 14 (5). pp. 1-36. ISSN 1996-1073

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The world’s need for energy is increasing with the passage of time and the substantial energy demand of the world is met by fossil fuels. Biodiesel has been considered as a replacement for fossil fuels in automotive engines. Biodiesels are advantageous because they provide energy security, they are nontoxic, renewable, economical, and biodegradable and clean sources of energy. However, there are certain disadvantages of biodiesels, including their corrosive, hygroscopic and oxidative natures. This paper provides a review of automotive materials when coming into contact with biodiesel blended fuel in terms of corrosion. Biodiesels have generally been proved to be corrosive, therefore it is important to understand the limits and extents of corrosion on different materials. Methods generally used to find and calculate corrosion have also been discussed in this paper. The reasons for the occurrence of corrosion and the subsequent problems because of corrosion have been presented. Biodiesel production can be carried out by different feedstocks and the studies which have been carried out on these biodiesels have been reviewed in this paper. A certain number of compounds form on the surface of materials because of corrosion and the mechanism behind the formation of these compounds along with the characterization techniques generally used is reviewed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Corrosion; Biodiesel; Automotive materials; Green fuels; Corrosion test methods
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mrs Norsaini Abdul Samat
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2021 05:17
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2021 05:17
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