Outlook on the Carbon-Based Materials for Heavy Metal Removal

Haziqatulhanis, Ibrahim and Norazlianie, Sazali and Wan Norharyati, Wan Salleh and Nor Hasrul Akhmal, Ngadiman and Nor Akmal, Fadil and Zawati, Harun (2022) Outlook on the Carbon-Based Materials for Heavy Metal Removal. Biointerface Research In Applied Chemistry, 12 (4). pp. 5303-5323. ISSN 2069-5837. (Published)

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Carbon-based materials, including graphene (GR), carbon nanotubes (CNTs), activated carbon, and biochar, are the most common materials often applied to separate heavy metals from the water stream. A key feature of carbon adsorbent is the functional group of its adjustable surfaces. Both GR and CNTs exhibit the most favorable materials and may be the right choice in the future because of their excellent nature and unique structure. In order to commercialize the use of carbon absorbent in the removal of heavy metals, the mechanism of adsorption of carbon on heavy metals must be fully understood. In view of the good properties of carbon-based materials, a detailed study of their characteristics and synthesis, and modifications should be highlighted. Therefore, this article will discuss the properties, modifications, and use of carbon-based materials as adsorbents for various hazardous metal ions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: carbon materials, graphene oxide; carbon nanotubes; heavy metal removal; adsorption mechanism
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: College of Engineering
Depositing User: Noorul Farina Arifin
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2021 04:54
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2021 04:54
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/32506
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