Energy consumption prediction by using machine learning for smart building: Case study in Malaysia

M. Shapi, Mel Keytingan and Nor Azuana, Ramli and Awalin, Lilik J. (2021) Energy consumption prediction by using machine learning for smart building: Case study in Malaysia. Developments in the Built Environment, 5 (100037). pp. 1-14. ISSN 2666-1659. (Published)

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Building Energy Management System (BEMS) has been a substantial topic nowadays due to its importance in reducing energy wastage. However, the performance of one of BEMS applications which is energy consumption prediction has been stagnant due to problems such as low prediction accuracy. Thus, this research aims to address the problems by developing a predictive model for energy consumption in Microsoft Azure cloud-based machine learning platform. Three methodologies which are Support Vector Machine, Artificial Neural Network, and k-Nearest Neighbour are proposed for the algorithm of the predictive model. Focusing on real-life application in Malaysia, two tenants from a commercial building are taken as a case study. The data collected is analysed and pre-processed before it is used for model training and testing. The performance of each of the methods is compared based on RMSE, NRMSE, and MAPE metrics. The experimentation shows that each tenant’s energy consumption has different distribution characteristics.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Building energy management system; Machine learning; Microsoft Azure; Energy consumption; Prediction
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Faculty/Division: Center for Mathematical Science
Depositing User: Dr. Nor Azuana Ramli
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2022 04:33
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2022 04:33
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