Optimisation of topical antibacterial preparation from Malaysian kelulut honey by using xanthan gum as polymeric agent

Mohd Amir Shahlan, Mohd Aspar and Raihana Z., Edros and N. A., Hamzah (2021) Optimisation of topical antibacterial preparation from Malaysian kelulut honey by using xanthan gum as polymeric agent. Tropical Biomedicine, 38 (3). pp. 226-238. ISSN 2521-9855

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The study aims to formulate and optimise topical antibacterial preparation by using Malaysian kelulut honey as the active ingredient and xanthan gum as the polymeric agent. Response surface methodology was used to optimise the preparation. The acidity, honey concentration and xanthan gum concentration were the independent variables. The zone of inhibitions on S. aureus ATCC6538 and E. coli ATCC8739 were the response variables. The optimal preparation was evaluated on its physicochemical properties, viscosity, antibacterial efficacy and stability. The antibacterial efficacy of the optimal preparation was compared to the commercially antibacterial gel (MediHoney™, Comvita). The optimal preparation was formulated at pH of 3.5, honey concentration of 90% (w/v) and xanthan gum concentration of 1.5% (w/v) with the inhibition zones measured on S. aureus ATCC6538 was 16.2 mm and E. coli ATCC8739 was 15.8 mm respectively. The factors of acidity and honey concentration have significantly influenced the inhibition zone on S. aureus ATCC6538 and E. coli ATCC8739. The utilisation of xanthan gum as the polymeric agent was fit for the preparation which showed by adequate physicochemical properties and retained of the antibacterial effects. This was supported by constant viscosity and efficacy of the preparation within the six months of stability study indicating stable and reliable preparation. Xanthan gum is a potential polymeric agent due to its effective use in preparing stable preparation with effective antibacterial properties.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antibacterial properties; optimisation; Malaysian kelulut; topical preparation; xanthan gum.
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology
Centre of Excellence: Centre of Excellence for Advanced Research in Fluid Flow
Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Dr. Mohd Amir Shahlan Mohd Aspar
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2022 03:13
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2022 03:13
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/33259
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