UMP Institutional Repository

Pretreatment and separation of crude glycerol from glycerol residue using membrane reactor on effect of trans membrane pressure and cross flow velocity

Muhammad Fitri, Ismail (2010) Pretreatment and separation of crude glycerol from glycerol residue using membrane reactor on effect of trans membrane pressure and cross flow velocity. Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang.

[img]
Preview
PDF
CD_5481_MUHAMMAD_FITRI_ISMAIL.pdf

Download (1MB)

Abstract

The objective of this research is to study the effect of trans membrane pressure and cross flow velocity on flux decline during crude glycerol recovery. The crude glycerol is just the waste from oleochemical process and biodiesel industry that basically wasted. The glycerol can be recovered and potentially have many used of it by refining from transesterification process from biodiesel industry. The glycerol residue was undergoing the pre treatment process using high concentration of acid to convert to crude glycerol then followed by filtration process to remove charred substances. The neutralization process is then used to neutralize the aqueous glycerol. The 22x2 inches cylinder ceramic membrane had been used with 0.9 micron of pore size. The membrane filter had its own limitation on trans membrane pressure, time of filtrate and cross flow velocity. The result found the increasing of TMP will enhance the higher flux decline and faster to steady state. While increasing the CFV will increase the flux decline and late become steady state. The optimum CFV was 0.75 m/s with 72.22 % of flux decline. The optimum TMP was 2.5 bars with 63.88% of flux decline. The CFV give higher effluence in flux decline compared to TMP.

Item Type: Undergraduates Project Papers
Uncontrolled Keywords: Extraction (Chemistry)
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Shamsor Masra Othman
Date Deposited: 16 May 2013 04:14
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2015 08:00
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/3401
Download Statistic: View Download Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item