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Synthesis and swelling behaviour of oil palm empty fruit bunch based superabsorbent polymer composite

Norhazwani, Mat Sudin (2012) Synthesis and swelling behaviour of oil palm empty fruit bunch based superabsorbent polymer composite. Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Natural Resources, Universiti Malaysia Pahang.

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Abstract

Polyacrylicamide-graft-oil palm Empty Fruit Bunch (PAM-g-EFB) SAP was synthesized using graft copolymerization method of acrylicamide (AM) monomer onto EFB backbone with ammonium persulphate (APS) as an initiator and N’N’-methylenebisacrylamide (MBA) as cross-linker to assist the process. Determination of water absorbency was tested using tea bag method after immersed in distilled water. The effects on amount of initiator, cross-linker and filler towards water absorbency were studied to determine the optimum condition of EFB-g-PAM SAP. The maximum water absorbency was 263g/g, 223g/g and 250g/g when the optimum condition for initiator (APS), crosslinker (MBA) and filler (EFB) were at 10wt%, respectively. The characterization of the EFB-g-PAM SAP was characterized by FTIR spectroscopy while thermal stability was indicate using TGA.

Item Type: Undergraduates Project Papers
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acrylic resins Sorbents Polymerization
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering
Depositing User: Shamsor Masra Othman
Date Deposited: 16 May 2013 04:20
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2015 08:02
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/3620
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