Identification of usnic acid derivatives as new antiviral agents via virtual screening on dengue, influenza A and avian influenza A

Miah, Roney (2022) Identification of usnic acid derivatives as new antiviral agents via virtual screening on dengue, influenza A and avian influenza A. Masters thesis, Universiti Malaysia Pahang (Contributors, Thesis advisor: Mohd Fadhlizil Fasihi, Mohd Aluwi).

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Emerging viral infections continue to pose a significant threat to global public health in recent years. Viral diseases such as Dengue, Influenza (H1N1), and Avian Influenza have caused a significant challenge to the healthcare systems, economic growth, and development. Still now, there are no drugs available to combat the DENV and Avian Influenza A viruses. On the other hand, only two drugs have been developed against Influenza A virus based on the neuraminidase enzyme but need to annual updating because these drugs ineffective against the new subtype of Influenza A. Even though new antiviral drugs have been developed and approved annually, the cost and environmental issues remain the main challenges for scientists. The new innovative approaches involving computational technology need to be employed in drug development and discovery. Thus, the studies aimed to discover new potential antiviral lead compounds from usnic acid derivatives in-house database through virtual screening via various in silico approaches such as pharmacophore filtering, molecular docking screening, and pharmacokinetic prediction. There were three main parts covered; Part 1: Discovery of anti-DENV’s lead compound, Part 2: Discovery of anti-Influenza A’s lead compound and Part 3: Discovery of anti-avian Influenza A’s lead compound. Four hundred twenty-eight usnic acid derivatives as in-house database was generated by retrieved from the various literature sources. The use of usnic acid derivatives is due to their incredible antiviral activities. According to current research, usnic acid has strong larvicidal properties toward Aedes aegypti. The combination of ligand-based and structure-based virtual screening model was built leading by pharmacophore filtering, molecular docking screening followed by pharmacokinetic predictions including drug-likeness and CYP2D6 filtering to afford the lead compounds for each target (dengue, Influenza A and avian Influenza A). The in-house usnic acid derivatives database was screened using the selected pharmacophore models to afford one hundred sixteen compounds for novel DENV-3 NS5 protease, twenty-three compounds for Influenza A, and twenty-one compounds for Avian Influenza A inhibitors. In the next virtual screening stage, molecular docking and interaction analysis indicated that forty-one DENV compounds, four Influenza compounds, and five Avian Influenza compounds could plausibly be active against the targets. Further filtering by ADME prediction tools and drug-likeness prediction of forty-one, four and five compounds from DENV, Influenza and Avian Influenza, respectively, resulted in seven hit compounds for DENV, two hit compounds for Influenza and two compounds for Avian Influenza virus, respectively. The lead molecule, called compound-362, compound-4, and compound-5, was discovered after screening the hit compounds against DENV, Influenza, and Avian Influenza utilising the cytochrome P450 enzyme. To corroborate the durability of docked complexes and the binding conformation established during docking testing, a molecular dynamic (MD) simulation of lead compounds 362, 4 and 5 was performed. Ultimately, the lead compounds 362, 4 and 5 discovered for DENV, Influenza A and Avian Influenza A, respectively, exhibited a high pharmacophore fit value, string binding affinity, excellent pharmacokinetics, and drug-like characteristics in general. Thus, it proved that the virtual screening model employed in this study was reliable.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: Thesis (Master of Science) -- Universiti Malaysia Pahang – 2022, SV : Dr. Mohd Fadhlizil Fasihi Bin Mohd Aluwi, NO. CD: 13258
Uncontrolled Keywords: usnic acid derivatives, antiviral agents, dengue, influenza A, avian influenza A
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Industrial Sciences And Technology
Institute of Postgraduate Studies
Depositing User: Mr. Nik Ahmad Nasyrun Nik Abd Malik
Date Deposited: 23 May 2023 08:27
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2023 06:25
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