A systematic review of deep learning microalgae classification and detection

Madkour, Dina M. and Mohd Ibrahim, Shapiai and Shaza Eva, Mohamad and Aly, Hesham Hamdy and Zool Hilmi, Ismail and Mohd Zamri, Ibrahim (2023) A systematic review of deep learning microalgae classification and detection. IEEE Access, 11. pp. 57529-57555. ISSN 2169-3536. (Published)

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Algae represent the majority of the diversity on Earth and are a large group of organisms that have photosynthetic properties that are important to life. The species of algae are estimated to be more than 1 million, they play an important role in many fields such as agriculture, industry, food, and medicine. It is important to determine the type of algae, to determine if it is harmful or useful, and to indicate the health of the ecosystem, water quality, health, and safety risks. The conventional process of classifying algae is difficult, tedious, and time-consuming. Recently various computer vision techniques have been used to classify algae to overcome challenges and automate the process of classification. This paper presents a review of research done on image classification for microorganism algae using machine learning and deep learning techniques. The paper focuses on three important research questions to highlight the challenges of classifying microalgae. A systematic literature review or SLR has been conducted to determine how deep learning and machine learning have improved and enhanced automatic microalgae classification rather than manual classification. 51 articles have been included from well-known databases. The outcome of this SLR is beneficial due to the detailed analysis and comprehensive overview of the algorithms and the architectures and information about the dataset used in each included article. The future work focuses on getting a large dataset with high resolution, trying different methods to manage imbalance problems, and giving more attention to the fusion of deep learning techniques and traditional machine learning techniques.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Algae classification; Algae detection; Deep architecture; Deep learning; deep network; Microalgae; Systematic literature review
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Faculty/Division: Institute of Postgraduate Studies
College of Engineering
Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mr Muhamad Firdaus Janih@Jaini
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2023 00:39
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2023 00:39
URI: http://umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/38271
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