Influence of palm oil fuel ash on the high strength and ultra-high performance concrete : A comprehensive review

Hamada, Hussein Mahmood and Abed, Farid and Alattar, Alyaa and Fadzil, Mat Yahaya and Tayeh, Bassam A. and Aisheh, Yazan I.Abu (2023) Influence of palm oil fuel ash on the high strength and ultra-high performance concrete : A comprehensive review. Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal, 45 (101492). pp. 1-10. ISSN 2215-0986. (Published)

Influence of palm oil fuel ash on the high strength and ultra-high performance.pdf
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (3MB) | Preview


In recent days, the increase in significant infrastructure projects has led to urgent requirements for the use of high strength concrete (HSC) and ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC). However, the use of cement and its derivative products, such as concrete, is associated with a high generation of carbon dioxide (CO2). The construction industry contributes about 8% of the total global CO2 production. Therefore, there is an urgent need to use agriculture-waste materials such as palm oil fuel ash (POFA) to help reduce environmental concerns associated with concrete. The accumulation of palm oil waste over an extended period of time causes environmental pollution. The use of these materials is expected to improve the environment by reducing the disposal of this waste in landfills and open areas. The chemical composition of POFA can vary depending on the source and processing methods. Elevated levels of impurities such as organic matter, unburned carbon, and chloride content in POFA can adversely affect the setting time, workability, and long-term durability of concrete. The optimal mix proportioning and replacement levels of POFA in concrete need to be carefully determined. Incorporating higher levels of POFA without proper adjustments to the mix design can result in detrimental effects on fresh and hardened concrete properties, including reduced compressive strength and decreased resistance to chemical attacks. This paper will highlight the impacts of POFA on the properties of HSC and UHPC in their fresh and hardened states. Durability and microstructure properties were also discussed. The use of ultrafine POFA helped in reducing the rapid chloride permeability and water absorption of HSC, thus improved its structure. Lastly, some recommendations for future studies are presented.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Indexed by Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: Durability; Environment; High strength concrete; Palm oil fuel ash; Ultra high-performance concrete
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Faculty/Division: College of Engineering
Faculty of Civil Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mr Muhamad Firdaus Janih@Jaini
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2023 02:39
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2023 02:39
Download Statistic: View Download Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item