Brain Acceleration During Ball-To-Head Impact in Soccer

M. H. A., Hassan and Zahari, Taha and Zulfika, Anuar and M. A., Aris (2013) Brain Acceleration During Ball-To-Head Impact in Soccer. In: International Conference on Mechanical Engineering Research (ICMER2013), 1-3 July 2013 , Bukit Gambang Resort City, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. pp. 1-6.. (Unpublished)


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There has been a long debate whether purposeful heading could cause harm to the brain. Studies have shown that repetitive heading occasion could lead to degeneration of brain cells, which is similarly found in patients with mild traumatic brain injury. A two-degree of freedom linear mathematical model was developed to study the impact of soccer ball to the brain during ball-to-head impact in soccer. From the model, the acceleration of the brain upon impact can be obtained. The model is a mass-spring-damper system, in which the skull is modelled as a mass and the neck is modelled as a spring-damper system. The brain is a mass with suspension characteristics that are also defined by a spring and a damper. The model was validated by experiment, in which a ball was dropped from different heights onto an instrumented dummy skull. The validation shows that the results obtained from the model are in a good agreement with the brain acceleration measured from the experiment. This findings show that a simple linear mathematical model can be useful in giving a preliminary insight on what human brain endures during a ball-to-head impact.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Head impact; Soccer; Mathematical model; Linear impact
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Faculty/Division: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: azimah
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2014 02:22
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2018 00:46
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